عنوان مقاله [English]
Climate is one of the most important issues related to architecture that having it pre-designed can help with thermal comfort. Knowing the climate of a place can play an important role in reducing fossil fuel consumption. Contemporary architecture, irrespective of the climatic and environmental features of a place, causes severe damage to the environment that cannot be reversed. also. Consequences of not paying attention to climate in architecture are inadequate buildings in terms of thermal comfort where fossil fuels should be used. . In the present study, the research and construction of a region's climate through software and the degree of integration of its architecture and climate is a research concern. Therefore, the study of the degree of adaptation of Meymand Earthsheltered buildings was considered as the main issue of the paper. Also, identifying the most influential climatic variables on the formation of thermal comfort in Meymand village was selected as the main objective of the study.
To achieve this goal, case study method based on field measurements was used and specialized software was used as data collection method. The village of Meymand is selected as a case study. Meymand village climate was first constructed in the meteonorm software during the period 1991-2019 in EPW format. The output is then obtained in the Claimate Consultant software, and for the validity and accuracy of the meteonorm software data, the data obtained from the software are in conjunction with the general data of the Babak City Synoptic Station as well as the output data. The data logger is compared and controlled. The temperature and relative humidity data of Meymand village on 11, 12 and 13 August 1398 are measured by field recorders using a data logger. The data from the data logger is controlled with the data from the Babak Synoptic Station and after the accuracy of the data logger, the software output is finally compared with the data logger. The results confirm the accuracy of the software and, after the meteonorm climatic output accuracy, the Meymand village climate EPW file is entered into the Climate consultant software for analysis and analysis. Be. Charts were also used as data analysis software.
The results showed that the most influential climatic variable on the formation of Meymand EarthSheltered structures is the temperature component. And the thermal mass was the ratio of the opening to the wall, the thickness of the walls and the shades of the shapes. The least attention was paid to the orientation of the buildings towards sunlight, probably due to the natural texture of the village. Also, buildings with simultaneous south or southeast orientation with respect to sunlight, topographic midline elevation, planar square shaft and maximum soil penetration depth were selected as the most climate-friendly buildings in terms of thermal comfort.
It was found that the climatic element of temperature was considered to be the most influential component on the formation of Meymand Earthsheltered structures. Therefore, after reviewing the architecture of the village of Meymand, it was found that most of the buildings in Meymand are in accordance with the climatic conditions of using heat mass to delay heat and cold at different times of the year, the square shape of the plan and finally the cubic fit. As it creates compact forms and helps to accelerate cold and warming of the space, the extruder shells make the extruder easy to contact, with a good ratio of the opening to the wall surface which minimizes It is possible and plays an important role in the thermal stability of the interior, the thickness of the walls, sometimes the walls between the two buildings. Considering the climate variables of temperature, radiation, precipitation, wind and relative humidity, it can be said that most architecture corresponds to climate with buildings with south-eastern and southern orientation towards sunlight, mid-level alignment. Topographies, with dense square shapes and cubic proportions, and ultimately with soil penetration depth, are most likely to result in thermal comfort at different times of the year. In summary, it can be said that the rate of compliance of the Earthsheltered structures of the village of Meymand with its climate is acceptable and this has caused that despite its thousands of years of construction, it is still stable and thermally desirable.