عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Transportation is one of the subs tractor parts in Economy of each country. Road transportation depends on atmospheric conditions. Weather is one environmental risk factor that is known to affect road crash rates in IRAN and elsewhere. Weather that reduces road friction, impairs visibility and/or makes vehicle handling more difficult creates a serious road safety threat Weather and climate, as represented by several indicators (e.g. rain, storms, winds, etc), contribute to several hazards or sensitivities within the transportation sector (e.g. landslides, reduced visibility, road traction, etc).Unfavorable atmospheric conditions may damage the soil of levees and make the road unused. In addition, adverse weather conditions make travel dangerous for humans and impose financial risks on travelers and those who use the roads. A number of factors measured in road weather stations, such as destruction of atmospheric phenomena, effective elements in reduced visibility, analysis of rainfalls, showers, snow and avalanches, dust storms, frost, freezing, and etc. Environmental Sensor Station categories provide information to identify roadway weather conditions of interest. ESS data are collected in a remote processing unit (RPU) and transmitted to a central processor. Resulting road weather information is used to activate automated warning systems and provide decision support to managers in traffic management centers, road maintenance facilities, and emergency operations centers. By monitoring road conditions using pavement sensors or video, operations and maintenance personnel are able to assess how well their traffic management or winter maintenance strategies are performing, or to determine what additional actions are required. The purpose of this project is to identify the different climatic conditions over Iran in order to detect the most suitable meteorological road sensors for each region according to its climate. The results of this survey would be useful for the road transportation management and appropriate use of sensors according to climate zones. The aim of this study is to identify reputable companies producing sensors and road weather sensors.