Bagheri, S., 1993, Study of Flood-Generating Synoptic Systems in the North of Iran, M.Sc. Thesis in Meteorology, Institute of Geophysics, University of Tehran.
Carvalho, L. M. V., C. Jones and B. Liebmann, 2002, Extreme precipitation events in southeastern of the South America and large-scale convective patterns in the South Atlantic Convergence Zone, J. Climate, Vol. 15, pp. 2377-2394.
Groisman, P. Y. and 13 Co-authors, 1999, Changes in the probability of heavy precipitation: Important indicators of climatic change, Climatic Change, Vol. 42, pp. 243-283.
Groisman, P. Y., R. W. Knight, D. R. Easterling, T. R. Karl, G. C. Hegerl and V. N. Razuvaev, 2005, Trend in Intense Precipitation in Climate Record, J. Climate, Vol. 18, pp. 1326-1350.
Hellström, C., 2005, Atmospheric conditions during extreme and non-extreme precipitation events in Sweden, Int. J. Climatol., Vol. 25, pp. 631-648.
Hitchens, N. M., R. J. Trapp, M. E. Baldwin and A. Gluhovsky, 2010, Characterizing Sub-diurnal Extreme Precipitation in the Midwestern United States, J. Hydrometeor., Vol. 11, pp. 211-218.
Karagiannidis, A. F., T. Karacostas, P. Maheras and T. Makrogiannis, 2012, Climatological aspects of extreme precipitation in Europe, related to mid-latitude cyclonic systems, Theor. Appl. Climatol., Vol. 107, pp. 165-174.
Katiraee Boroujerdi, P. S., S. Hajam and P. Irannejad, 2007, Portion of changing frequency and intensity of daily precipitation in trend of rain in Iran during 1960-2001, J. Earth and Space Physics, Vol. 33, No. 1, pp. 67-83.
Khalili, A., S. Hajam and P. Irannejad, 1991, Climate of Iran, Vol. IV: Climate Classification, Comprehensive Water Plan of Iran, JAMAB Consulting Engineers.
Liebmann, B., C. Jones and L. M. V. DE Carvalho, 2001, Interannual Variability of Daily Extreme Precipitation Events in the State of Sa˜o Paulo, Brazil, J. Climate, Vol. 14, pp. 208-218.
Mofidi, A., A. Zarin, and G. Janbaz Ghobadi, 2007, Determining the synoptic pattern of autumn heavy and extreme precipitations on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea, J. Earth and Space Physics, Vol. 33, No. 3, pp. 131-154.
Moradi, H. R., 2006, Forecast of occurring flood based on synoptic system situation on south coast of the Caspian Sea, J. Geographic Research, Vol. 55, pp. 109-131.
Poratashi, M., 2005, Synoptic study on Extreme precipitation (more than 200 mm in 24 hours) from warm advection in middle layer of the atmosphere on south coast of the Caspian Sea, M.Sc. Thesis in Meteorology, Islamic Azad University.
Rodrigo. F. S., 2010, Changes in the probability of extreme daily precipitation observed from 1951 to 2002 in the Iberian Peninsula, Int. J. Climatol., Vol. 30, pp. 1512-1525.
Steensen, B., M., H.´Olafson, and M. O. Jonassen, 2011, An extreme precipitation event in Central Norway, Tellus, Vol. 63A, pp. 675-686.
Zhai, P., X. Zhang, H. Wan and X. Pan, 2005, Trends in Total Precipitation and Frequency of Daily Precipitation Extremes over China, J. Climate, Vol. 18, pp. 1096-1108.